The World of Chemistry

Chemistry, the world revolves because of it (and angular momentum.)  It studies the particles that make up the world, and how they behave. It covers acids and bases, matter, phases of matter, gas pressure, reaction, elements, rocks, solubility, stoichiometry, kinetics, bonds, mixtures, organic chemistry, inorganic chemistry, etc…

Chemistry has allowed us to live longer (e.g medicine and drugs) and better (e.g plastics, fertilizers, mechanics, lubricants, gas). It has supported the world in ways that you don’t know existed. It made you who you are, it made your device your reading on, it made you, it made the world, it may have made the universe.

So my idea is to summarize a small tiny minuscule bit of it. Put your seatbelt on, we’re going on the Autobahn.

So chemistry starts of with atoms. Atoms make up everything. They are tiny particles that consist of electrons, neutrons and protons. These decide what type of atom it is. For information look at learn (an information bank which is for students or adults wanting to learn about biology, physics or chemistry.) These can be classified into elements (e.g Oxygen. Hydrogen, Gold, Iodine…). Certain atoms can bond with other atoms.

Click here: for a great interactive periodic table online!


An atom gif from

These can be done in different ways. In some cases, you can have a reaction. This is when two pieces of matter react to create a different type of matter. Remember that no matter is destroyed or created in a reaction. Reactions are very useful, all life is dependent on reactions.

Matter can be in three main phases/forms. Solids, liquids and gases. This changes with temperature and pressure. These are also very useful. Plasma is the fourth form/phase of matter. It is very interesting.

Phew.., and that’s just touching the surface. For more information click here.



How will many of us end – in the eyes of Bill Gates

Bill Gates is mainly worried about one thing. It’s not nuclear, nor war or a natural disaster.

Bill Gates believes that the most likely thing to kill the excess of 10 million people in the 21st century. According to Bill, he believes that there is a 50% chance of a widespread epidemic in his lifetime. In the diagram below, you can see the second biggest killer is infectious diseases.

death graph 20th century
20th Century Death Chart-

“The Spanish Flu”(1918-1920) was a widespread influenza killing 50-100 million people; compared to 38 million people dying in world war 1.  Yet not many people will know about it.  We don’t grieve the deaths of the people who died in the Spanish Flu, yet WW1 is remembered every year.

With the Ebola crisis, it took a long time to come up with a vaccine. And as transportation standards very high, meaning that you can travel across the world in a day, an infection can spread a lot quicker than they can back in the early 20th century.

If you were to imagine that virus three times as worse as Ebola was worldwide, the damage would be massive. This would cause maybe millions of people to die.

What’s my perspective?

I believe that Gates is right, more action is needed to prevent a possible worldwide influenza.

I also believe that people should donate more to developing countries, to stop these outbreaks from happening. And if they are to occur, third world countries need to able to treat and cure many thousands of patients in a short period of time to stop it spreading.

I still believe that stuff like climate change needs to be sorted, but maybe we need to divert some of our focus to events nearer the future.

For more information, click here to visit Vox’s Ezra Klein interviewing Bill.

All information from: